Jobs’ Future

What do you want to be when you grow up? An astronaut. A doctor. A designer. A policeman.

One of my favorite questions, which it happens that we ask through all our live – when we are little, when we finish school, when we graduate university, when we change careers, even when we get retired. And with time answers vary – considering our dreams at first, switching to what the perspectives are, and finishing with the feeling of being useful.

Having in mind the major shift in jobs that we are expecting in the next two decades, the question is becoming more and more fundamental.

47% of jobs will disappear in the next 25 years according to Oxford University. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that among the jobs that will get massive decline of demand are farmers, couriers, tailors, electronic equipment assemblers, clerks, prepress technicians, computer operators, florists, petroleum pump system and refinery operators. PwC claim that around 40% of the jobs could be given to robots by 2030 (38% in the U.S., 30% in the U.K., 35% in Germany, and 21% in Japan).

So, what are you going to work in the next 20, 30, 40 years?

The Australian Government has created a useful website to help people navigate through finding an answer. In the Future Outlook section it predicts that the following sectors will be stable: housing construction, investment in infrastructure, tourism, and international education. Apart from construction, by 2022 the Health Care and Social Assistance and the Professional, Scientific and Technical Services sectors will provide the largest job growth. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics also reports that employment in health care, personal care, social assistance, or construction will be increased in the next 10 years.

Automation is already a fact. We cannot skip it or pretend its not going to take over most of the work.

Hence, we have two options. Either to upgrade our skill so that we provide an added value, or explore occupations that will not count on bots. The economist Mariano Mamertino suggests nine career paths that “are the least likely to be taken over by machines”, namely:

  • Chef
  • Marketing, communications, design
  • Healthcare professionals
  • Education and training
  • Cyber security expert
  • Human resources
  • Delivery or logistics management
  • Data scientist
  • Gig-worker

However, even within these nine occupations technology is already kicking its way through. We are already discussing the usage of AI in education and HR. Amazon is using drones for making deliveries.

My advice is to focus on the following if you want to be adequate to the development of the labor market:

  1. Keep building new skills
  2. Be familiar with technology development no matter of the extend to which you are using it in your work
  3. Make sure to have “people skills”